Industry

Unavailability of cotton yarn a threat for textile sector

Karachi, March 8, 2021: The successful hard efforts of the Value Added Garment and Home Textile Industries facing difficulties  in the wake of unavailability of cotton yarn and abrupt decrease of value of rupee against dollar.  For the reason, garment and home textile exporters are fearing a steep downfall in exports in coming months, exporter siad.

They said that in the last six months, dollar has also depreciated against Pak Rupees by 5.58% from 166.5 to 157.2 while exporters previously had negotiated and finalized their export orders at dollar rate of PKR 166.5. Similarly, during the last three months, cotton yarn 30/1 prices have increased by 15% and that also is not available in the market. 

Due to uncertainty and recurring fluctuations rupee dollar parity, exporters are reluctant for new orders as both are uncertain about the cost of the product.

Exporters are hurting from both sides, therefore, the Government must intervene to save the value added textile exports. The gravity of the situation demands the Government to immediately abolish Customs duty on import of cotton yarn in the interest of value added garment and home textile exports and the country. 

According to Muhammad Jawed Bilwani, Chairman, Pakistan Apparel Forum & Former Central Chairman, Pakistan Hosiery Manufacturers & Exporters Association despite decline in cotton crop and acute shortage of cotton yarn, spinning mills have exported 209,290 Metric Tons during last seven months of Fiscal Year 2020-21.

Value Added Garment and Home Textile Export Sector fervently appealed to restrict exports of cotton yarn which is basic raw material as yarn exporters are exporting coarse count yarn which involves cotton and gas which all are short in our country, he said.

He said that the Value Added Textile Sector is continuously drawing the attention of the Government, through appeals and press statements, towards unavailability and shortage of cotton yarn – which is basic raw material since last five months but to no avail.

Inconsiderate response tantamount to Government’s lack of priority and non-seriousness to enhance value added textile exports which contribute to around 62% in total exports, provides 42% urban employment particularly to female workforce who mostly are widows and orphans, earns highest foreign exchange and supports approx.

40 allied industries. During Feb 2021, 4.5% decrease in exports endorse the view point of exporters that unavailability of cotton yarn will shatter the export orders in hand which will eventually be diverted to other competing countries if the cotton yarn is not made available in required quantity.

Once the buyer is diverted to other country, it is next to impossible to bring them back. The Government policy should be attractive to invite buyers to Pakistan instead of discouraging them to divert to other countries.


The textile exporters are also highly perturbed over the dubious dealings of spinners who have taken advance payments with commitments to supply cotton yarn but have dishonoured their commitment to supply cotton yarn and if yarn being supplied is of sub-standard quality.

Lack of cotton yarn’s simply means decline in value added textile exports. The exporters also lamented that whenever the value added garments and home textile industry takes off with its full potential, some adverse thing happens.

Bilwani said that Pakistan should learn from the experience and policies of Bangladesh to enhance exports whereby the Bangladesh Government supported the Value Added Apparel Sector while in Pakistan the Government instead of encouraging the value added sector is supporting the spinning sector.

The Manifesto of the PTI Government led by Imran Khan Prime Minister to create millions of employment can turned to reality by supporting the Value Added Garment Sector which only holds such potential being highly labour intensive.

He articulated on one hand Government wants to enhance the exports while on other hand appropriate measures have not been taken to provide cotton yarn. The confidence of Value Added Garments & Home Textile Exporters have been shaken and needs to be restored.

If the Government allows duty free import of cotton yarn from all over the world including India and place ban on the exports of cotton yarn, a breakthrough in the exports can be easily achieved whereby we can be unsurpassed to go beyond the last highest exports our country.

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